Rome, Italy: Basilica of Saint Praxedes: Chapel of Saint John Gualbert: St. John Conquering Heresies

Loading...
Thumbnail Image
Authors
Sheppard, Beth M.
Issue Date
19-May-17
Type
Image
Language
Keywords
Italy , Rome , Basilica di Santa Prassede all Esquilino , Basilica of Saint Praxedes , Chapels , Mosaics , Saint John in Art , Heresies in Art
Research Projects
Organizational Units
Journal Issue
Alternative Title
Abstract
Description
The Basilica of Saint Praxedes (in Italian: Basilica di Santa Prassede, commonly known as Santa Prassede) is a Catholic basilica located in the Rione Esquilino (or district of Esquiline). Esquiline is the name of a Roman hill, one of seven on which the ancient city was built. The church was rebuilt by Pope Pasquale I in 822 CE and was restored multiple times since then. It was built principally as a resting place for the relics of Roman martyrs and was dedicated to the second-century Saint Praxedes, who was the daughter of a Roman senator. Along with her sister, Praxedes provided comfort and care to Christians persecuted in the Roman Empire. The sisters were murdered for burying early Christian martyrs, which defied Roman law. The church is known for being the most important example of early Christian Byzantine art in Rome because of the mosaics decorating its apse and side chapels. The photograph shows part of the last chapel on the left side of the main nave, which is dedicated to St. John Gualbert, founder of the Vallumbrosans. This project, commissioned by Pope Pius VI, began at the end of the 18th century but was not finished until many years later, and re-fitted by Ernesto Leschiutta in 1933. It is neo-Baroque in style, with an elliptical dome illuminated by eight windows in its drum, and an apse with its conch lit by two windows with transennae. The chapel's art is Art-Nouveau in style. The apse mosaic altarpiece depicts "St. John venerated by angels"; the apse conch mosaic above the altarpiece represents Vallumbrosan monks and nuns venerating "The Assumption of Our Lady" into heaven. The photograph shows the art to the right of the altar: "St. John conquering Heresies."
Citation
Publisher
License
CC BY-NC-SA 4.0
Journal
Volume
Issue
PubMed ID
DOI
ISSN
EISSN