Ravenna, Italy: Baptistery of the Orthodox: Paul and Peter

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Authors
Sheppard, Beth M.
Issue Date
22-May-17
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Image
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Italy , Ravenna , Baptistery of the Orthodox , Neonian Baptistery , Baptistery of Neon , Battistero Neoniano , Orthodox Baptistery , Battistero Ortodosso , Baptistry of the Cathedral , Domed Ceilings , Byzantine Art , Mosaics , Saint Paul in Art , Saint Peter in Art , Saints in Art , Apostles in Art
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Mosaic decoration in the dome of the Baptistery of the Orthodox (Neonian Baptistery; Baptistery of Neon; Battistero Neoniano; Orthodox Baptistery; Battistero Ortodosso; Baptistry of the Cathedral). The circular band outside the central mosaic depicts the twelve apostles in procession, led one way by St. Paul, and the other way by St. Peter. The photograph shows where Paul (brown-haired and bearded figure on the left) meets Peter (white-haired and bearded figure on the right, as usually depicted in Christian iconography). Andrew is the figure on the right, walking behind Peter. Although these figures are representational of Byzantine art, they are strongly influenced by the classical in their clothing (pallia) and sandals. Each of the apostles carries a crown, which is a symbol of martyrdom. In the bottom of the photograph, a portion of the outermost band of the dome mosaic is seen, with its representations of thrones, heavenly gardens, and altars.
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CC BY-NC-SA 4.0
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