Rome, Italy: Church of Saint Paul at the Three Fountains: Sculpture of Crucifixion of St. Peter

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May 20, 2017
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Church of Saint Paul at the Three Fountains , San Paolo alle Tre Fontane , Church of the Martyrdom of Saint Paul , Church of St. Paul the Apostle , Abbazia delle Tre Fontane , Abbey of the Three Fountains , Crucifixion of St. Peter , Relief Sculptures , Saint Peter in Art
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Relief sculpture within the Church of St. Paul at the Three Fountains. Four miles outside the city of Rome, Italy is the Abbey of the Three Fountains, run by Cisterian monks belonging to the Trappist order. The complex contains three churches, of which Church of Saint Paul at the Three Fountains (Church of the Martyrdom of Saint Paul; San Paolo alle Tre Fontane; Church of St. Paul the Apostle) is most sacred. This church was built on the site where Saint Paul was beheaded at Emperor Nero's order. As a Roman citizen, Saint Paul could not be executed within the city. The legend is that Paul's head bounced three times and fountains sprang up at each spot; hence, the title of "Three Fountains." Actually, fountains already existed at the site when Paul was beheaded. The relief sculpture of white marble within a black marble molded frame is attributed to Bartoli Enrico from 1867 and is titled "Crucifixion of St. Peter," according to: https://catalogo.beniculturali.it/detail/HistoricOrArtisticProperty/1200864000 The sculpture was commissioned by Pope Pius IX for the 1867 restoration on the 18th centenary of Paul's martyrdom (67 CE). The sculpture is displayed immediately above signage for the facility.
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CC BY-NC-SA 4.0
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